What is Editing?
Editing is a post-production process technique in which the footage shot during production is cut up and reassembled in such a way as to tell the story.
- Pace of editing
- Orders the narrative
- Selection of film
- Essential part of post- production
- Style of editing
The editor decides:
- The order of the scenes
- The pace of the scenes
- Which scenes to include or discard.
The speed of editing (shot duration) :
- Fast paced editing
- Slow paced editing
- Change of editing pace.
The style of editing (connection of shots):
Continuity editing: The most common type of editing, which aims to create a sense of reality and time moving forward. Also nick named invisible editing referring to how the technique does not draw attention to the editing process.
Jump cut: An abrupt, disorientating transitional device in the middle of a continuous shot in which the action is noticeably advanced in time and/or cut between two similar shots, usually done to create discontinuity for artistic effect.
Match-on-action: A shot that emphasises continuity of space and time by matching the action of the preceding shot with the continuation of the action. (For example a shot of a door opening after a shot of a close up of a character's hand turning a door handle.
Cutaways: A brief shot that momentarily interrupts continuous action by briefly inserting another related action, object or person (sometimes part of the principle scene or main action) followed by a cutback to the original shot.
Parallel Editing: A type of editing in which events in two locations are cut together, in order to imply a connection between the two sets of events.